Laguna Beach is a seaside resort city located in southern Orange County, California, United States. It is known for its mild year-round climate, scenic beaches, coves, and artist community. The population in the 2010 census was 22,723. Historically a territory of paleoindians, the Tongva people and then Mexico, the location became part of the United States following the Mexican–American War. Laguna Beach was settled in the 1870s, officially founded in 1887 and, in 1927 its current government was incorporated as a city. In 1944, the city adopted a council-manager form for its government. The city has remained relatively isolated from urban encroachment by its surrounding hills, limited highway access, and a dedicated greenbelt. 5.88 miles (9.46 km) of the Laguna Beach coastline are protected by a state marine reserve and an additional 1.21 miles (1.95 km) are designated as a state conservation area. Many beautiful coves with custom homes line the coast of this community, along with many restaurants, shops, hotels and the prestigious Montage Resort. Home to the world famous Pageant of the Masters, Sawdust and Art-a-Faire Art Festivals.